Fair trade

In Switzerland and in other countries


Contents:

  1. Introduction and problematic
  2. Fair trade
  3. Fair trade actors
    1. Producers
    2. Certification
    3. Main certification criteria
    4. Importers
    5. Distribution and points of sale
      1. Magasins du monde
      2. Small specialty stores
      3. Large-scale distributors
    6. Organisations which promote fair trade
    7. International fair trade bodies
    8. Indirect participants
      1. Lobbying and public awareness organisations
      2. Project financing
  4. Towards regional fair trade
  5. Other useful addresses
  6. Bibliography and subject literature

 

«Give a man a fish and he will eat today, teach him to fish and he will eat forever.»



I. Introduction and problematic

After numerous requests from delegates in developing countries, we have created this guide to fair trade. We hope that it will give you a better idea of the various actors involved in fair trade and that you will find it useful.

The idea behind fair trade is to help producers in developing countries to develop sustainably by guaranteeing them sufficient revenues so that they can meet their family's fundamental needs (health, education, housing) and invest in the development of their community. This form of economic solidarity also constitutes a means of promoting human rights. Fair trade means acting as a complement to standard international trade. Consequently, it is assuming an increasingly important role in the major Swiss distribution channels.


II. Fair trade

Fair trade is based upon a partnership between various actors and aims to enable consumers (usually in industrialised countries) to offer better profits and living conditions to producers in developing countries. In order to realise these objectives, fair trade has established a certain number of basic criteria, set out below.Basic principles of fair trade:

To create a direct relationship between producers and consumers, by limiting as much as possible the number of intermediaries and thus avoiding speculation.

To pay a "fair" price in order to allow producers and their families to live in dignity. This price should not only cover the costs of primary materials, production methods and the time spent working, but also social and environmental costs. It should furthermore allow producers to make investments dedicated to development and the community. This price is always higher than that of the traditional market (10 to 60%, according to the product and the import pools). A minimum price is thus guaranteed, whatever the caprices of the market.

To respect working conditions established by international norms, or those of the country in question if they are better. No forced labour, no child labour, respect of the right of association, production conditions that are not harmful to one's health, etc.

To authorise partial payment before harvest if producers ask for it. This allows producers to avoid becoming indebted with local usurers in order to meet the often high costs of production and harvest materials.

To establish long-term relationships and contracts based on respect and ethics. This allows a real impact on the evolution of producer's living conditions to be obtained and gives greater partnership security. Faith in the future is, in effect, necessary so that producers can envisage long-term social and environmental projects.

More and more fair trade organizations are also ensuring that production is carried out while respecting the environment, an essential condition in sustainable development.

Many fair trade organizations also establish progress criteria for the sustainable development of producer's groups and workers. This notably concerns fixing criteria for the collective sharing-out of supplementary income connected with fair trade. Fair trade organizations demand that producer's groups or workers consult one another democratically when deciding which projects (social, educational, ecological, etc.) to develop.

In addition to these basic criteria, there are more detailed specific criteria for each fair trade product.


III. Fair trade actors

Fair trade involves different types of complementary actors.

A. Producers

To be able to sell their products through fair trade networks, producers must prove that they respect the principles of fair trade. In practice, the producer can either form a direct partnership with a distributor or fair trade store or he can undergo a certification process which grants him access to the major fair trade distribution networks. In return, the producer benefits from the following:

  • A guaranteed minimum price
  • Access to pre-financing which allows him to avoid lenders
  • A "development grant" given to producers' collectives for investment in economic or social projects.

B. Certification

Fair trade depends largely upon a certification process (or labelling) which guarantees the consumer that his or her purchase meets the criteria for fair trade. Certification is generally indispensable if one wishes to obtain access to fair trade networks. Labelling allows verification of the conditions under which production and commercialisation of products are carried out. As there are different commercialisation and production conditions which correspond to each product, the criteria taken into account when granting labels vary from one product to the other.

Labels are granted by specialised and independent certification agencies, NGO's or foundations that do not sell products but rather effect controls of the conditions under which production and commercialisation take place.

The main labelling organizations

Labelling began in 1988 with the introduction of Max Havelaar coffee in the Netherlands. Since then, labels for other products (tea, cocoa, honey, sugar, bananas, etc.) have been created by the same foundation. The success of Max Havelaar has inspired the creation of other organizations working for fair trade in countries all over the world.

Worldwide, there are four major fair trade labels, namely Max Havelaar (Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Denmark and Norway), Fair Trade Mark (Ireland and the UK), TransFair (Austria, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, USA, Canada and Japan) and Rättvisemärkt (Finland and Sweden).

Fairtrade Labelling Organisation International (FLO)

Since 1997 the FLO has brought all of these associations together and has been working towards the harmonisation of criteria by product. Labelling organizations within the FLO have agreed upon the committments that the different fair trade partners should fulfil. The system is based on the creation of producers' registers--producers agree to respect certain environmental and social production conditions in return for a guaranteed minimum price for their products and a "development grant" for the financing of economic or social projects.

Fairtrade Labelling Organisation International (FLO-I)

Kaiser-Friedrich-Strasse, 13
D-53113 Bonn, GERMANY
Tél: +49 228 94 92 30
Fax: +49 228 24 21 713
E-mail: info@fairtrade.net
Website: http://www.fairtrade.net

FLO-Cert

Goerrestrasse, 30
D-53113 Bonn, GERMANY
Tél: + 49 228 24930
Fax : +49 228 2493120

Max Havelaar Switzerland

The Swiss Max Havelaar foundation was created in 1992 following the model of the Dutch foundation of the same name that has been in existance since 1988. This was thanks to six Suisse mutual aid organizations: Swissaid, Helvetas, Pain Pour le Prochain, Eper (Swiss Protestant mutual aid organisation), Action de Carême, Caritas Swiss and with the help of the Federal Office for External Economic Affairs (now SECO).

The aim of this non-profit foundation is, on the one hand, the promotion of trade that respects the environment and makes a decent living possible for disadvantaged Southern producers and on the other hand, to provide information concerning development-related issues.

In concrete terms, the Max Havelaar foundation grants its label to fairly marketed products. It does not market the certified products itself but establishes a direct relationship between Swiss businesses and Southern producer's associations. The Foundation signs a licence contract with interested commercial organizations, sets conditions for the importation of products and controls the use of the certification label. In this way Max Havelaar exemplifies both control and certification. The contract agreed upon between Max Havelaar and Southern producers includes several social and environmental clauses and aims to promote better living conditions for small producers.

Criteria common to all products:

  • Minimum standards are guaranteed: Minimum prices and wages are guaranteed for producers and workers in Southern countries. These prices and wages must cover expenses and generate an income that ensures the livelihood of those concerned.
  • Direct business contacts and fair conditions--access to beneficial credits allows long-term commitments between business partners. This encourages the structural independence of producers, who thus benefit from direct access to markets and business know-how.
  • Improving development processes--development projects of a social or ecological nature are encouraged as a matter of priority.
  • Helping people to help themselves--producers themselves decide on how to use capital gains from fair trade. Democratic structures must already be in place for this to occur.

Furthermore, benefits and profits resulting from fair trade do not constitute a gift offered to producers; they represent mutual, contractual commitments.

  • The utilisation of additional profits is decided democratically within the organisation.
  • The organisation must have an efficient and transparent administrative structure as well as control organs.
  • The organisation favours services that reinforce its autonomy and local development processes (storage, transformation, packaging, transport, credits, training, and member's health).
  • The organisation commits to doing its utmost to eliminate monocultures and to diversify production.
  • The organisation proposes credit to its members at advantageous rates.
  • The organisation must be willing to accept new members.

The Max Havelaar label has been attributed to several foodstuffs such as coffee (the first product to receive the label in 1993), honey, chocolate, cocoa, sugar, tea, bananas, orange juice, grapefruit juice, flowers and since 2002, pineapples, mangoes and rice. The Max Havelaar label is being distributed increasingly by large distributors such as COOP and Migros in Switzerland.

Max Havelaar Switzerland
Malzgasse 25
CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND
T: +41 61 271 75 00
F:+41 61 271 75 62
E-mail: postmaster@maxhavelaar.ch
Website: www.maxhavelaar.ch

Coordination for French-speaking Switzerland, Max Havelaar
Didier Dériaz
Le Moulin
CH-1309 Cuarnens, SWITZERLAND
T: +41 21 864 41 46
F: +41 21 864 41 49
E-mail: max.havelaar@gve.ch

STEP Foundation

Founded in 1995 by the development organizations Action de Carême, Caritas Suisse, Bern Declaration, Pain Pour le Prochain, Swissaid and the Swiss Oriental Carpet Association (IGOT), the STEP Foundation is actively committed to the improvement of social, economic and ecological conditions in the production of and trade in Oriental carpets. It fights for fairer working conditions and against abusive child labour. The foundation grants the STEP label to carpet traders who, when buying, commit to:

  • Paying producers a fair price
  • Guaranteeing fair production conditions
  • Promoting ecological production methods
  • Fighting against child labour
  • Providing the STEP foundation with the necessary information to effect efficient monitoring
  • Paying the STEP foundation a licence fee per metre square of Oriental carpet sold.

The foundation and its appointed, independent entities regularly monitor the production sites of the carpets sold by STEP partners in Switzerland.

It also supports projects that aim to improve the living conditions of knotters and their families. These projects include education (literacy, project management), basic health care (consultations, prevention), the fight against abusive child labour (street children, crèches, schools), improving working conditions (protective clothing, lighting, ventilation, etc.) and supporting production that respects the environment (waste water purification).

The ultimate aim is to promote optimal working and living conditions for all persons employed in the carpet industry.

STEP Foundation
Malzgasse 25
4052 Bâle, SWITZERLAND
Tél : +41 61 271 77 66
Fax : +41 61 271 77 60
E-mail: step@step-foundation.ch


C. Main certification criteria

How to become a FairTrade certified producer?

First of all, the producing organisation must meet the criteria for fair trade. Standard criteria can be found on the FLO website. If an organisation thinks it can meet these criteria, it can contact FLO at certification@fairtrade.net.

In the request, the following points must be indicated:

  • What type of legal entity is your organisation?
  • Number of members and /or workers your organisation has and how they participate in decision-making processes.
  • Market position; if you currently export, please indicate where to and how.
  • Product type/variety, quality and quantity available for export.
  • Is (part of your) production certified by an organic certification body?

FLO-I criteria for coffee:

Producer's organizations fulfilling the following criteria can apply to be entered in the producer's register:

  • The majority of the organisation's members are small-scale producers. A small producer is understood to be one whose farm is operated essentially by members of the family.
  • The organisation is independent and democratically run by its members. Thus, all the members participate in the decision-making process.
  • Administrative transparency and effective controls are ensured in order to minimise the risk of fraud.
  • The organisation's motivating philosophy is based on the concept and application of solidarity.
  • There is no form of political, racial, religious or sexual discrimination.
  • The organisation accepts new members.
  • The organisation is politically independent.
  • The organisation shares FLO's (Fair Trade Labelling Organization) fundamental principles and objectives.

Obviously, the quality of export coffee must meet the minimum quality standards set out by the different markets.

All small coffee producers' organizations which comply with the above-mentioned criteria can apply to be entered in the FLO-International coffee production register.

The application procedure is as follows:

  • The candidate organisation sends its application to the person responsible for relations with its corresponding country or region.
  • A questionnaire, collecting the most basic information about the organisation, will be sent to the organisation.

The organisation is requested to send a sample of export coffee (500gr).

The International Register Committee will decide whether or not the organisation will be admitted.

  • The prospective registration is formalised by a contract signed between the organisation to be registered and FLO-International, represented in this instance by the Max Havelaar Foundation. This process takes between 3 and 6 months.

Contacts :

In Europe:
Max Havelaar Foundation
Marjoline Motz
Postbus 1252
NL-3500 BG Utrecht, The Netherlands
T: +31 30 233 46 02
F: +31 30 233 29 92
E-mail: icreg@euronet.nl
Site web : www.maxhavelaar.nl In Latin America: Bolivia, Peru

FLO-International
Poppelsdorfer Allee 17
D-53115 Bonn, Germany
T: +49 228 949230
F: +49 228 2421713
E-mails: info@fairtrade.net ; o.nielsen@fairtrade.net; o.paulsen@fairtrade.net
Website: www.fairtrade.net

In Latin America: Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama (Ose Nielsen), Brazil (Ruediger Meyer)
In Asia: all countries (Olaf Paulsen)
Max Havelaar Foundation, The Netherlands
Postbus 1252
NL-3500 BG Utrecht, The Netherlands

Lucasbolwerk 7
NL - 3512 EG Utrecht
T: +31-30-2337070
F: +31-30-2332992
E-mails: maxhavelaar@maxhavelaar.nl ; harmsen@maxhavelaar.nl
Website: http://www.maxhavelaar.nl

In Africa: English-speaking countries and Angola

Ucraprobex
Boulevard Merliot, Edificio Ucraprobex
Ciudad Merliot, SAN SALVADOR, EL SALVADOR
T: +503 278 00 64
F: +503 278 13 11
E-mail: ucraprobex@es.com.sv
Website: http://www.itzalcocoffee.com/ucraprobex.htm

In Latin America: Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador

Max Havelaar Belgium
Aalststraat 7/11 Rue d'Alost
B-1000 Bruxelles, BELGIUM
T : +32 2 213 36 20
F : +32 2 213 36 21
E-mail: info@maxhavelaar.be
Website: http://www.maxhavelaar.be (in French only)

In Africa: Francophone countries

Max Havelaar Suisse
Malzgasse 25
CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND
T: +41 61 271 75 00
F:+41 61 271 75 62
E-mail: postmaster@maxhavelaar.ch
Website: http://www.maxhavelaar.ch

Max Havelaar Romandie
Le Moulin
CH-1309 Cuarnens, SWITZERLAND
T: +41 21 864 41 46
F: +41 21 864 41 49
E-mail: max.havelaar@gve.ch

 

FLO-I criteria for tea:

Import or producer organizations meeting the following criteria can apply to be entered in the producer register:

  • Tea can only be bought from sources registered in the "INTERNATIONAL TEA PRODUCER REGISTER".
  • The conditions of purchase are in keeping with the principles of the "INTERNATIONAL TEA PRODUCER REGISTER".
  • The producers or importers allow inspections

The members of FLO may unilaterally change the abovementioned conditions with prior notification.

Tea growers wishing to participate must fulfil the following conditions:

  • No form of political, racial, religious or gender discrimination exists.
  • Workers are paid the minimum wage established by the authorities.
  • The organisation monitors the work of children. Children under the age of 14 do not work on the tea plantations.
  • Laws concerning pesticides are respected.
  • The organisation is independent and democratically run by its members. Thus, all the members participate in the decision-making process.
  • Administrative transparency and effective control are ensured in order to minimise the risk of fraud.
  • Temporary work is kept to a minimum.
  • Purchasing from other sources and reselling these goods under the fair trade label is strictly forbidden.

Candidates should send their applications to the person responsible for relations with their corresponding country or region. A questionnaire will be sent to the organisation to be filled out. Obviously, the quality of the tea for export must fulfil the minimum quality standards set out by the different markets.

Contact:

FLO-International Tea Producers Register
Kaiser-Friedrich-Strasse 13
53113 Bonn, GERMANY
T: +49 228 94 92 30
F: +49 228 242 17 13
E-mails: info@fairtrade.net ; o.paulsen@fairtrade.net
Website: http://www.fairtrade.net

 

FLO-I criteria for orange juice:

Import or producer organizations meeting the following criteria can apply to be entered in the producer register:

  • Orange juice can only be bought from sources registered in the "INTERNATIONAL ORANGE JUICE PRODUCER REGISTER".
  • The conditions of purchase (price etc.) are in keeping with the principles of the "INTERNATIONAL ORANGE JUICE PRODUCER REGISTER".
  • If, for a time, the market price or the export price set by the authorities is higher than the fair trade minimum price, the partners will apply the market price plus a Fairtrade premium.
  • The FLO committee will monitor the minimum fair trade price regularly and increase this as necessary.
  • The producer or importer allows inspections.

The FLO Orange Juice Producer Register distinguishes between different types of producers that are able to register:

Category One: Collective producer organizations (cooperative/association):

  • The majority of the organisation's members are small-scale producers. A small producer is understood to be one whose farm operates essentially using family labour.
  • The organisation is independent and democratically run by its members. Thus, all the members participate in the decision-making process.
  • Administrative transparency and effective control are ensured in order to minimise the risk of fraud.
  • The organisation's motivating philosophy is based on the concept and application of solidarity.
  • There is no form of political, racial, religious or sexual discrimination.
  • The organisation accepts new members.
  • The organisation is politically independent.
  • The organisation shares FLO's (Fair Trade Labelling Organization) fundamental principles and objectives.

Category Two: Sources depending on outside labour (large plantations):

  • Plantations and large-scale producers can join the register provided that workers are independently represented.
  • The plantations accept the conditions set out above.
  • All decisions are taken by all of the members.
  • Administrative transparency and effective control are ensured in order to minimise the risk of fraud.
  • The producers must present a yearly report.

In general, purchasing from other sources and reselling these goods under the fair trade label is strictly forbidden.

Any small orange juice producers' organisation which fulfils the abovementioned criteria can apply to be entered in the FLO-International producers' register.

The application procedure is as follows:

  • The candidate must send its application to the person responsible for relations with its corresponding country or region.
  • A questionnaire will be sent to the organisation to be filled out.
  • The International Register Committee will decide as to whether or not the organisation will be admitted.
  • The potential registration is formalised by a contract signed between the organisation to be registered and FLO-International, represented in this instance by the Max Havelaar Foundation.

Contact:

FLO-International-Orange Juice Register
Poppelsdorfer Allee 17
53115 Bonn, GERMANY
T: +49 (0228) 94 92 30
F: +49 (0228) 242 17 13
E-mails: info@fairtrade.net ; r.meyer@fairtrade.net
Website: http://www.fairtrade.net

FLO-I criteria for cocoa:

  • Both quality criteria and the quality control procedure should be defined in the purchase contract, according to current standard trade practices.
  • All fair trade cocoa prices are calculated on the basis of world market prices.
  • In the absence of a contract stating the contrary, the merchandise shall be paid for in cash at the time of loading, upon presentation of the shipping documents provided. Possible advances are deducted.
  • At the seller's request, the buyer is obliged to pay the seller up to 60% of the minimum value of the contract in advances or credits. These advances/credits can be granted upon the signing of the contract or at a later date, at least six weeks prior to shipment of the goods. The current interest rate (or lower) of the country of destination shall be applied.
  • It is in the interest of buyers and sellers to establish a long-term commercial relationship based on the mutual respect of rights and interests. Any purchase should, where possible, cover the period of at least one harvest and have the mutual intention of improving the planning and preparation of the agreed exchange. These long-term agreements should be confirmed by the exchange of contracts signed at least three months before harvest. Annual renewals should be confirmed at the latest three months before the end of the current contract period.

Arbitration:
In the event of a dispute, the parties are obliged to inform the fair trade organisation in the country of destination.

Contacts:

FLO Cocoa Register
Fair Trade Labelling Organization (FLO) International
Poppelsdorfer Allee 17
53115 BONN, GERMANY
T: +49 (0228) 94 92 30
F: +49 (0228) 242 17 13
E-mail: info@fairtrade.net
Website: http://www.fairtrade.net

D. Importers

The principal importers are brought together under the EFTA (European level--http://www.eftafairtrade.org) and the IFAT (Worldwide--http://www.ifat.org).

  
Claro fair trade SA

Claro fair trade SA is the main fair trade importer in Switzerland. Its principal shareholders are Swiss charities including Helvetas, Swissaid, Déclaration de Berne, Œuvre Suisse d'Entraide Ouvrière, Pain Pour le Prochain, Action de Carême and Magasins du Monde.

Claro SA maintains contact with producers and coordinates the importation of fair trade products to Switzerland.

The products imported by Claro SA should, in principle, be certified. Claro fair trade plc assures its clients complete transparency with regard to the production, composition and distribution of all its products. Claro distributes its products directly on the Swiss market (150 franchises in German-speaking Switzerland). Furthermore, the majority of fair trade stores are supplied through Claro. Claro also finances social projects.

Claro fair trade SA
Byfangstrasse 19
CH-2552 Orpund
Switzerland
Tel : +41 32 356 07 00
Fax : +41 32 356 07 01
E-mail : info@claro.ch
Site web: http://www.claro.ch 

  
Caritas suisse

Founded in 1901, Caritas Suisse imports and sells numerous fair trade products in its stores and on its website. Caritas also participated in the creation of the Max Havelaar and STEP foundations.

Caritas suisse, main office
Löwenstrasse 3
Case postale
6002 Luzern
Switzerland
Tél :+41 41 419 22 22
Fax :+41 41 419 24 24
E-mail: info@caritas.ch
Site web: http://www.caritas.ch(in French and German only)

in Geneva:
53, rue de Carouge
Case postale 148
1211 Genève 4
Switzerland
Tél :+41 22 708 04 44
Fax :+41 22 708 04 45


Gebana SA

Founded upon the initiative of "Arbeitsgemeinschaft gerechter Bananenhandel" (workers' collaborative for fair trade of bananas) over twenty-five years ago, Gebana is a pioneer in the fair trade of bananas. Gebana has worked intensely to raise awareness of the problems related to the banana trade and to promote the sale of bananas other than those produced by the major banana-growing corporations. Gebana imports bananas distinguished by the fair treatment guaranteed to their producers and the respect for the environment with which they are grown.

In the future, Gebana is planning to become involved in the production of organic, non-GMO soybeans and in supporting organic farmers in the South, with the aim of the sustainable development of these countries. Gebana's products are sold in Switzerland, England, Austria and Germany. The main distributors of Gebana bananas in Switzerland are Claro fair trade SA, http://www.biopartner.ch, http://www.viaverde.ch, http://www.bio-service.ch, http://www.humbel-brand.ch and http://www.biovertrieb.ch.

Gebana SA
Zollstrasse 54
CH-8005 Zürich
Switzerland
Tél: +41 43 3 666 500 Fax: +41 43 3 666 505
E-mail: info@gebana.com
Site: http://www.gebana.com

 
FairTraide Village

FairTraide Village is a fair trade wholesaler of handicrafts in Switzerland and France. It constitutes a direct link between producers' cooperatives in developing countries and numerous fair trade stores in Europe.

FairTraide Village
32 rue de L'Athénée
1206 Genève - Switzerland
Tél/Fax: +41 22 321 00 69
Portable: +41 78 682 39 85 / +41 78 600 60 34
E-mail: traide@smile.ch
Site web: http://www.fairtrade.com

Dépôt/Magasin by appointment:
Sous-sol, 9 rue de Grottes, 1201 Genève
Tél: +41 78 682 39 85


Andines SA

Andines imports around 2000 products coming from 200 workshops, cooperatives and artisans' and farmers' associations which are chosen according to criteria for fair trade and which are spread out over fifteen countries (mainly from Latin America). Andines also works with small producers in Europe.

With a "fiche producteur" (producer information sheet) attached to each product in its catalogue, Andines strives for maximum transparency.

In each country, Andines has a permanent correspondent who monitors social and economic conditions and who is paid against the export margin.

Their products are essentially crafts and agricultural products (sugar, dried mushrooms, red and black beans from Equator, quinoa from the high Andean plateaus, guarana from the Brazilian Amazon, mango vinegar from Burkina Faso, etc.).

These products are distributed through 300 points of sale, which include non-profit boutiques, traditional stores, businesses, and mail-order catalogues (Amnesty International, Handicap International, Secours Populaire, the World Wildlife Foundation, Survival, etc.).

Andines SA
6, rue Arnold Géraux
93450 L’Ile-Saint-Denis - France
Tél : +33 1 48 20 48 60
Fax : +33 1 40 20 50 93
E-mail: andines@nnx.com

Andines SA
61, Rue Victor Hugo
93500 Pantin - France
Tél: +33 1 48 10 08 54
Fax: +31 1 49 42 93 23
E-mail: andines@neuronnexion.fr
Website: http://www.andines.com (in French only)

  
European Fair Trade Association (EFTA)

At the European level, the main fair trade importers are brought together by the EFTA (European Fair Trade Association). This organisation was created in 1990 and represents 13 importers in 10 European countries (including Claro SA for Switzerland), or around 60% of fair trade imports to Europe. Its role is to coordinate with producers in developing countries. The EFTA monitors product quality and also works to promote fair trade products among European consumers. The EFTA also lobbies and works to inform community institutions on fair trade with the view of promoting fair trade principles in Europe and facilitating access to European markets for Southern products. The EFTA is also involved in organic production. It collaborates closely with the European network of World Shops.

Stefan Chrobok
Advocacy & Campaigns Office
43, Rue de la Charite'
B-1210 Brussels, BELGIUM
Tél: +32 2 217 37 95
Fax +32 2 217 37 98
E-mail: efta@eftadvocacy.org
Website: http://www.eftafairtrade.org

Marlike Kocken
Head Office
Kerkewegje 1
NL-6305 AT Schin op Geul
Netherlands
Tél: +31 43 325 69 17
Fax: +31 43 325 84 33
E-mail: efta@antenna.nl
  

E. Distribution and points of sale

1. Magasins du monde

The story of Magasins du Monde (World Shops) began around forty years ago. World Shops are stores that sell only fair trade products. They are run by volunteers, which permits them to remit the largest portion of sales receipts to producers in developing countries. Sales criteria are centred around four main axes: work, justice, development and the environment.

World Shops has drafted a Charter of Principles that engages its partners to:

  • Exclude forced labor and respect personal dignity
  • Support participatory organizations
  • Engage in fair trade practices
  • Ensure fair payments to producers
  • Encourage producers to become involved in their communities
  • Re-value volunteer work and citizen action
  • Guarantee transparency
  • Utilize energy-saving, environmentally-sound production methods

Network of European World Shops (NEWS)

Since 1994, the Network of European World Shops (NEWS) has brought together the various national World Shops associations. Currently, NEWS represents more than 2700 stores in thirteen countries. World Shops are more than just stores; above all, they are places to raise awareness and to inform the public on issues concerning consumption.

Network of European World Shops (NEWS)
Rue de la Charité 43 / Liefdadigheidstraat 43
1210 Brussels - BELGIUM
Tél: +32 2 217 36 17
E-mail: info@worldshops.org
Site web: http://www.worldshops.org

Association of World Shops in French-speaking Swizerland

The first World Shop in Switzerland was created in 1974 in Lausanne. That same year, the not-for-profit Association of World Shops in French-speaking Switzerland was formed, which is currently comprised of more than forty stores and about twenty groups spread throughout all of French-speaking Switzerland. On World Shop shelves, one always finds the largest assortment of fair trade products, including:

Foods ranging from coffee, tea, honey and spices to processed foods (syrup, chocolate, cookies) and staple foods (rice, quinoa)

Different types of crafts: tableware, glassware, pottery, vases, tablecloths, rugs, baskets, jewelry, toys for children, scarves, musical instruments, and board game

World Shops are for the most part supplied by Claro SA. Nevertheless, the possibility does exist to sell one's products in the different points of sale. To do so, one must contact each store directly as each one chooses its own products. Before contacting a World Shop, it is necessary to consider the following:

  • The criteria for fair trade must be fulfilled
  • World Shops only accept products of a certain quantity and whose production is monitored
  • Producers must handle all formalities concerning the importation of their products
  • One-time only sales are generally not accepted.


Association of World Shops in French-speaking Swizerland
Rue de Genève, 52
CH-1004 Lausanne, SWITZERLAND
Tel: +41 21 661 27 00
Fax: +41 21 661 22 20
E-mail: info@mdm.ch
Site web: http://www.mdm.ch (in French only)

World Shops in Geneva:

Le Balafon-MdM
Rue de la Villereuse 2
1207 Genève
Tél : 022 735 10 65

AU MAGAS'- MdM
Bld Carl-Vogt 7
1205 Genève
Tél : 022 329 83 30

La Calebasse - MdM
Rue St-joseph 14
1227 Carouge
Tél : 022/342 01 11

Mag'Grottes - MdM
Rue des Grottes 9
1201 Genève
Tél : 022 733 47 33

Centre Commercial de Meyrin
MdM
1217 Meyrin
Tél : 022 782 93 39

Consult the World Shop website (http://www.mdm.ch) for more addresses in the rest of French-speaking Switzerland.

  
2. Small specialty stores

Examples of small specialty stores include organic stores or stores run by the World Wildlife Federation (WWF). Listed below are some examples of smaller points of sale in Geneva where one can find fair trade products.

La Calebasse

Founded in 1988 by the Third World Collective (Bern Declaration, La Florida-Pérou, Genève Tiers-Monde, Magasins du Monde, Terre des Hommes as well as the Mouvement Populaire des Familles and Secours Social Palestinien) and member of the GFCD, this non-profit organisation runs La Calebasse, a shop dedicated to fair trade in Carouge, Geneva. The products sold (common food products and craft goods) conform to Fair Trade criteria.

The wages paid to craftsmen cover not only their vital needs, but also allow their families to meet the needs of their children and provide them with an education. The wages also allow for access to health services and possibly savings for future investments. Producers' working conditions are better than those under conventional trade structures and above all are in conformance with international norms.

La Calebasse
rue St-Joseph 14
CH -1227 Carouge
Switzerland
Tél.: 022 342 01 10
E-mail: info@lacalebasse.ch

Store hours:
Mondays from 3 p.m. to 6:30 p.m.
Tuesdays through Fridays 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. and 3 p.m. to 6:30 p.m.
Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

Fairness-Shop
A member of the GFCD, this shop sells mainly fair trade craft goods and some basic foodstuffs. Fairness-Shop
rue de Carouge 53
CH - 1205 Genève
Switzerland
Tél: 320 48 28
E-mail: caritastm@geneva-link.ch

In addition:
Alimentation naturelle
Rue du Stand 33
CH-1200 Genève

Marché de Vie
rue des Eaux Vives 25
CH-1200 Genève
  

3. Large-scale distributors

In Switzerland, more and more major distributors and stores (supermarkets and others) are selling fair trade products. One finds Max Havelaar-certified products in all the principal distribution chains in the country: Coop, Migros, Jelmoli, Manor, EPA and Carrefour. It is to be noted that since February, 2004, Coop has decided to sell only Max Havelaar-certified bananas.

F. Organisations which promote fair trade

Association pour le Commerce Equitable de Genève (ACEG, Fair Trade Association of Geneva)

The ACEG is an association created by secondary school students. It is supported by the Max Havelaar foundation and its goal is to promote fair trade products. Extremely active at the university level, the association organises expositions, publishes texts, and raises awareness of fair trade among youth.

ACEG
Rue Camille-Martin 1
1203 Genève
Tél: +41 22 344 12 62
Fax: +41 22 344 12 52

Collectif Tiers-Monde (Third-World Collective)

This collective is comprised of several associations and runs a store in Carouge dedicated to fair trade: La Calebasse.

La Calebasse
rue St-Joseph 14
1227 Carouge
Tél.: 022 342 01 10
E-mail: info@lacalebasse.ch

Fondation le Balafon

Created in 1997, member of COSE (Commerce Solidaire et Equitable) and the FGC, the Balafon Foundation is composed of three associations engaged in complementary areas:  

World Shops, active in fair trade

Berne Declaration, who play an important role in informing the public about and raising awareness of inequalities between the North and South 

Genève Tiers-Monde, who lead development projects in the field

The goal of Balafon is to promote fair trade through its store and through the importation of food products and handicrafts from Bénin, Togo, Sénégal, Madagascar and India.

Fondation le Balafon
c/o Genève Tiers-Monde
Rue de Carouge 53
1205 Genève
Tél : +41 22 329 67 68
Fax : +41 22 320 33 29

Magasin Le Balafon
Rue de Villereuse 2
1207 Genève
Tél. 022 735 10 65
E-mail: getm@fgc.ch

Helvetas

Founded in 1955, Helvetas is an association that supports development projects in around twenty African, Asian and Latin American partner countries. Its goal is the self-development and autonomisation of collectives in the South. Thus, the planning, implementation and financing of its development activities are carried out in close cooperation with local partners, which are either state institutions or NGO's. In principle, Helvetas only handles tasks which cannot be completed by the local partner.

The development projects target mainly the following areas:

  • Rural infrastructure: access to water, education, basic healthcare and an energy supply.
  • Natural resource management
  • Education and culture
  • The association supports fair trade projects in the field and works to promote and spread fair trade in Switzerland

Helvetas

in German-speaking Switzerland:

St. Moritzstrasse 15
CH 8042 Zurich
Tél: +41 1 368 65 00
Fax: +41 1 368 65 80

in French-speaking Switzerland:

Rue de la Mercerie 3
Case postale 3012
CH 1002 Lausanne
Tel : +41 21 323 33 73
Fax : +41 21 323 33 74
E-mail: romandie@helvetas.org

in Italian-speaking Switzerland:

Via San Gottardo 102
CH 6828 Balerna
Tél : +41 91 683 17 10

TerrEspoir

The TerrEspoir foundation was created by Département Missionaire and Pain Pour le Prochain in 1996. This foundation works toward fair trade between Switzerland and Africa by supporting groups of small-scale farmers in Africa and through the marketing of their products.

The goals of this foundation are:

  • To increase revenues and improve living conditions for producers in the South by means of just compensation for their work (TerrEspoir has set the price per kilogram or per piece of all its products). These prices remain stable all year and are generally two to three times higher than those of the local markets.
  • To guarantee jobs
  • To establish direct channels, freeing them from intermediaries
  • To develop processing capacities (drying fruit, for example)
  • To promote environmentally-friendly agriculture
  • To develop South-South exchanges from surplus areas to areas of scarcity
  • To offer Swiss consumers natural tropical products

In this way, the foundation allows the integration into the international market of countries and producers who start out with disadvantages according to the current rules of world trade. Consequently, TerrEspoir helps dozens of African families and enables them to confront adversity, to rediscover horizons, to pay for education, buy land, start breeding livestock or to build a workshop.

TerrEspoir markets agricultural food products cultivated extensively without pesticides or ripening agents, such as mangoes, pineapples, avocadoes, bananas, papayas, passionfruit, coconuts, plantains, sweet potatoes, limes, ignames, peppers, dried fruits and others. These products are not treated with conservatives after harvest and their exportation does not harm either the self-sufficiency or the traditional cultures of the families who produce the products.

Fondation TerrEspoir
C.P. 472
1030 Bussigny
Switzerland
Tél: +41 21 703 00 42
Fax: +41 21 703 00 45
E-mail: info@terrespoir.ch

TerrEspoir
C.P. 67
1373 Chavornay
Switzerland
Tél: +41 24 441 73 42
Fax : +41 24 441 79 76
E-mail: terrespoir@bluewin.ch

Association COSE (Commerce Solidaire et Equitable)

COSE is a network comprised of six groups that are active in fair trade : TerrEspoir, la Kalebasse, Andines, CEAS (Centre Ecologique Albert Schweitzer), le Balafon and Genève Tiers-Monde. Its goals are the promotion of fair trade in the South and North; the support, accompaniment and monitoring of the most disadvantaged partners in the South; innovation in fair trade projects and in the creation of products; and the respect of principles of sustainable development (environmentally-sound production). Mango vinegar is the first product to have been launched on the market by COSE.

Association COSE
Rue de la Côte 2
2000 Neuchâtel
Switzerland
Tel : +41 32 725 08 36
Fax :+41 32 725 15 07
E-mail: ceas.ne@bluewin.ch

La Kalebasse

La Kalebasse, a department of the Evangelical Mission of Bâle, was among the first Swiss organizations to become involved in fair trade in 1974. Kalebasse is centered above all around the craftsman, his or her family and their living conditions. La Kalebasse wants to help local populations rediscover the richness of the fabric of their artistic heritage, to create job opportunities and to offer long-term financing in Europe.

Specialists in musical instruments and recycled products, la Kalebasse proposes to its clients more than 3000 environmentally-friendly handicrafts from over twenty African, Asian and Latin American countries.

The Kalebasse Team knows its craftsmen personally, visits them regularly and encourages the innovation of new products.

The Kalebasse is an active participant in campaigns and meetings of organizations linked to fair trade in Switzerland and in Europe.

Zur Kalebasse
Missionsstrasse 21A
4055 Bâle
Switzerland
Tel: +41 61 268 82 78
Fax: +41 61 268 82 08

Retail store:
+41 61 268 82 77
Donations: +41 61 268 82 06
E-mail: kalebasse@baselmission.org

Genève Tiers-Monde (GETM)

Founded in 1983 and member of the FGC, GETM is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation. It concentrates its efforts in eight countries: Bénin, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Brazil, Colombia, Peru and the Philippines.

Its activities are essentially the following:

  • Cooperation in development in the South-GETM fights against marginalisation and exclusion by supporting local initiatives that aim to improve living conditions for the most disadvantaged, permit communities to create their own dynamic and privilege their decision-making power. Support of local initiatives is conceived in the spirit of partnership with local organizations. GETM also makes sure that development is carried out in a way that is neither harmful to future generations nor to the environment. GETM intervenes in three areas: education and training, environmental management and social organizing.
  • Fair trade--making trade an integral component of development aid activities. Sales support two goals: first, they inspire thought and help to inform the Swiss public about the mechanisms of poor development and the laws of the market; secondly, they support producers in their efforts to obtain greater autonomy. GETM strives for the creation of stable jobs and takes pains to avoid exploitation and all work that is harmful to the workers' health. It provides salaries that guarantee access to basic goods (food, shelter, health care, education), favours the utilisation of local expertise, makes sure that exports are not favored at the expense of food products necessary to survival, and aids in the implementation of social projects. Production should also be respectful of the environment.

Informing and raising awareness among the public on a national level through expositions, concerts, talks, information stands and by the publication of its journal, "Trait d'Union."

Genève Tiers-Monde
Rue de Carouge 53
1205 Genève
Switzerland
Tel : +41 22 329 67 68
Fax : +41 22 320 33 29
E-mail:getm@fgc.ch

Terre des Hommes Suisse

Terre des Hommes Switzerland is a member of the International Terre des Hommes Federation. Founded in 1960, the organisation split into two independent entities in 1972: Terre des Hommes Switzerland and Terre des Hommes "Aide aux Enfants." The French-language department of Terre des Hommes Switzerland is based in Geneva and the Swiss-German department is in Basel. The headquarters for Terre des Hommes "Aide aux Enfants" are located in Lausanne.

The underlying philosophy of Terre des Hommes with regards to fair trade is that the defence of children's' rights forcibly implies the promotion of fairer economic and financial relations between the North and the South. The aim is to ensure parents a decent income which allows them to take care of their children's basic needs.

Since 1972, Terre des Hommes has promoted, along with other NGO's, Southern arts and crafts in its "Calebasse" shop in Carouge (Geneva) and in many other sales points, including the large network of Magasins du Monde shops in French-speaking Switzerland (see the Terre des Hommes website for the addresses of Magasins du Monde shops in French-speaking Switzerland that sell its products). They also sell arts and crafts during various demonstrations and festivals.

Terre des Hommes Schweiz
Laufenstrasse 12
Postfach
4018 Basel
Switzerland
Tél: +41 61 338 91 38
Fax: +41 61 338 91 39
E-mail: info@terredeshommes.ch

Mme Rosa Nahmias
Tél : +41 22 737 36 01
E-mail: artisanat @ tdh-geneve.ch

Terre des Hommes Suisse
Ecole de Pré-Picot
31, chemin Frank-Thomas
1208 Genève
Switzerland
Tél: +41 22 737 36 36
Fax: +41 22 736 15 10
E-mail: secretariat@tdh-geneve.ch

Bread for All

Created in 1961 by Swiss Protestant Churches, Bread for All supports some 400 development programmes in more than 60 African, Asian and Latin American countries. Bread for All informs on and raises public awareness of North-South issues and development cooperation. An active promoter of fair trade, Bread for All has participated in, among others:

  • the launching of the Third World products import pool, OS3 (now Claro fair trade SA, the principal fair trade importer in Switzerland), in 1977
  • the creation of the Max Havelaar Foundation in 1992
  • the creation of the STEP Foundation in 1995
  • the creation of the TerrEspoir Foundation in 1995
  • the NGO Transparency Switzerland, the Swiss branch of Transparency International, which is dedicated to the fight against corruption (1995)
  • the launch of the Clean Clothes Campaign in 1999.

Secrétariat for French-speaking Switzerland, Bread for All
avenue du Grammont 9
1007 Lausanne
Switzerland
Tél: +41 21 614 77 17
Fax: +41 21 617 51 75
E-mail: ppp@bfa-ppp.ch
Site web: http://www.ppp.ch

CEAS (Centre Ecologique Albert Schweitzer)(Albert Schweitzer Ecological Centre)

Founded in 1980, CEAS is a technical cooperation NGO which works with craftsmen, peasants and entrepreneurs in Africa and Madagascar. Its main office is located in Neuchâtel and its areas of activity include renewable energy sources, local manufacture of equipment for village and agricultural use, agro-ecology and agro-manufacturing.

Thanks to intensive research and training as well as technical monitoring, CEAS International aims to provide local craftsmen and peasants with techniques developed to answer their needs.

CEAS has two offices in Burkina Faso and Madagascar. They have 35 staff members, 3 technical support services and a documentation service.

CEAS
Rue de la Côte 2
2000 Neuchâtel
Switzerland
Tél: +41 32 725 08 36
Fax: +41 32 725 15 07
E-mail: ceas.ne@bluewin.ch


G. International fair trade bodies

International Federation of Alternative Trade (IFAT)

The International Federation of Alternative Trade (IFAT) was created in 1989 and has more than 200 members in 55 countries. IFAT members are production cooperatives, associations, import and export companies, retailers, national and regional fair trade networks as well as financial institutions dedicated to fair trade. Thus the IFAT unites the whole fair trade chain, from the producer to the retailer.

The IFAT also has a certification label for organizations, the FTO (Fair Trade Organisation) label. This is not a label for products, but rather for identifying organizations dedicated to fair trade.

IFAT
Murdock Road, 30
Bicester
OX26 4RF
UNITED KINGDOM
Tél: +44 1869 24 98 19
Fax: +41 1869 24 63 81
E-mail: info@ifat.org.uk

FINE

The four main international federations--IFAT, FLO (labeling), NEWS (World Shops), EFTA (European importers)--coordinate their activities through the FINE roundtable.


H. Indirect participants

Indirect participants include lobbying organizations and State services which subsidise projects linked to developing fair trade.

1. Lobbying and public awareness organisations

This refers to pressure groups and organizations mobilising citizens for solidarity in development. Thus this concerns launching fair trade awareness-raising campaigns or lobbying companies and points of sale for the introduction of social clauses in commercial exchanges. Below are some examples.

Clean Clothes Campaign

Concerned by the working conditions that currently prevail in the clothing industry (clothing and shoes), three organizations (Action de Carême, Bern Declaration and Pain Pour le Prochain) launched the Clean Clothes Campaign. This campaign calls for manufacturers and textile distributors to take concrete measures to improve working conditions in the textiles sector. They strive for clothing to be produced in dignity and in respect of labor laws. Clean Clothes Campaign asks that labels and distributors adopt and implement a complete code of conduct, in compliance with the fundamental laws of the International Labor Organization (ILO). The campaign has reached agreements with several large companies.

Clean Clothes Campaign

c/o Déclaration de Berne
Case postale 212
1000 Lausanne 9
Switzerland
Tél: +41 21 624 54 17
Fax: +41 21 624 54 19
E-mail: info@cleanclothes.ch


Communauté de travail des organizations Suisse d'entraide (Swiss mutual aid organizations work community)

Comprised of the six main Swiss cooperation and development organizations--Swissaid, Action de Carême, Pain Pour le Prochain, Helvetas, Caritas Suisse and Eper (Entreaide protestant Suisse)--the "work community" is a pressure group active in the field of development policy. It has offices in Bern (head office), Lausanne and Lugano. The group aims to influence development policies in Switzerland in favor of developing countries. It is committed to a qualitative and quantitative improvement of international cooperation and to a more human-centered development policy.

Communauté de travail des organizations suisses d’entraide
Rédaction
Pepo Hofstetter
Monbijoustrasse 31
CH-3001 Bern
Switzerland
Tél: +41 31 390 93 30
Fax: +41 31 390 93 31
E-mail: mail@swisscoalition.ch
Website: http://www.swisscoalition.ch

Documentation
Av. de Cour 1
CH-1007 Lausanne
Switzerland
Tél. : +41 21 612 00 86
Fax : +41 21 612 00 99
E-mail: doc@swisscoalition.ch

Bern Declaration

Founded in 1971, Bern Declaration (BD) is a Swiss association whose goal is to inform and sensitize the public on issues which regard both Switzerland and developing countries. It was one of the first organizations to promote fair trade.

Bern Declaration
Route de Genève 52
Case Postale 212
1000 Lausanne 9
Switzerland
Tél: +41 21 620 03 03
Fax: +41 21 620 03 00
E-mail: info@ladb.ch
Website: http://www.evb.ch (in French only)

Foundation for Education and Development (FED)

The Foundation for Education and Development is an organization specialized in the development of pedagogical tools for teachers and schools. It has developed several games aimed at helping children understand problems linked to development and the mechanisms of fair trade.

Foundation for Education and Development (FED)
Headquarters
Monbijoustrasse 31
CH-3001 Bern
Switzerland
Tél :+41 31 389 20 20
Fax : +41 31 389 20 29
E-mail: info@bern.globaleducation.ch
Website: http://www.globaleducation.ch

Service for French-speaking Switzerland

Av. de Cour 1,
CH-1007 Lausanne
Switzerland
Tél: +41 21 612 00 81
Fax: +41 21 612 00 82
E-mail: fed@lausanne.globaleducation.ch


2. Project financing

Numerous governmental cooperation agencies finance development projects linked to fair trade. At the same time, several NGO's directly support projects related to fair trade. Here is the information for the major Swiss NGO federations active in the field of development cooperation.

The Geneva Federation for Cooperation and Development (GFCD)
GFCD
Rue Amat, 6
C.P. 6
1211 Genève 21 - Switzerland
Tél.: +41 22 738 04 88
Fax: +41 22 738 59 59
E-mail: secretariat@fgc.ch
Website: http://www.fgc.ch

Fédération Vaudoise de Coopération (Vaud Cooperation Federation) (FEDEVACO)
FEDEVACO
Patricia Dubois (coordinator) - Main office
Avenue du Grammont 9
1007 Lausanne - Switzerland
Tél: +41 21 601 21 12
Fax: +41 21 601 21 13
E-mail: info@fedevaco.ch
Website: http://www.fedevaco.ch (Francés)

Federation of NGO's in Italian-speaking Switzerland

(founded in 1999)
Claudio Naiaretti
via Fusoni 4
6900 Lugano - Switzerland
Tél: +41 91 924 92 70
Fax: +41 91 924 09 83
E-mail: fosit@freesurf.ch
Website: www.fosit.ch (Italiano)

Le Fribourg Solidaire

(formed in2003)
Michel Diot
Fribourg Solidaire
C.P. 118
1709 Fribourg - Switzerland
Tél : +41 26 400 08 34
E-mail: fribourg.solidaire@tisclai.ch
michdiot@com.mcnet.ch

Le Valais solidaire

(formed on May 5, 2000)
M. Grégoire Raboud (president)
Rue du Centre Scolaire
1971 Grimisuat
Switzerland
E-mails: gregoire.raboud@netplus.ch
valais-solidaire@bluewin.ch
Website: www.valaissolidaire.ch (in French and German only)

Jurassic Federation for Cooperation and Development

(founded in 1994)
Contact : Isabelle Boegli Milani (coordinator)
Temple 64
2800 Délémont
Switzerland
Tél: +41 32 422 67 34
E-mail: milani.boegli@bluewin.ch
Website: www.fjcd.ch (in Italian only)


IV. Towards regional fair trade

In parallel with international fair trade, new forms of fair trade at the local or regional levels are appearing. The cooperative "Les jardins de Cocagne" is a good example of fair trade at the regional level.

La Coopérative «Les Jardins de Cocagne»

This cooperative produces organic vegetables in the Geneva area. This cooperative brings together around 380 families who actively participate in the life of the association, including by working in the Garden. Cooperative members must also take part in harvesting and distribution. Each member of the cooperative is entitled to a weekly share of vegetables for eleven months out of the year. The cooperative guarantees decent working conditions and wages for its gardeners. Production is carried out according to ecological principles and favors where possible old varieties that have disappeared from supermarket shelves. By following these principles, the cooperative is contributing to environmental protection--local distribution means less pollution from transport and packaging. Since 1985, Jardins de Cocagne has also supported projects in developing countries, especially in Africa.

Les Jardins de Cocagne
C.P. 245
Ch - 1233 Bernex
Switzerland
Tél : +41 22 756 34 45
E-mail: cocagne@cocagne.ch
Website: www.cocagne.ch (in French only)


V. Other useful addresses

IN EUROPE:
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY EUROPE Belgium
CSR Europe
Rue Defacqz, 78-80
Brussels 1060/BELGIUM
T :+ 32 2 541 1610
F : +32 2 502 8458
info@csreurope.org
www.csreurope.org

Stefan Chrobok
Advocacy & Campaigns Office
43, Rue de la Charite'
B-1210 Brussels/ Belgium
T : +32 2 217 37 95
F : +32 2 217 37 98
efta@eftadvocacy.org

Marlike Kocken
Head Office
Kerkewegje 1
NL-6305 AT Schin op Geul/The Netherlands
T : +31 43 325 69 17
F : +31 43 325 84 33
efta@antenna.nl
www.eftafairtrade.org

EUROPEAN INITIATIVE ON MONITORING AND VERIFICATION OF CODES OF CONDUCT IN THE GARMENT AND SPORTSWEAR INDUSTRY:

SOMO Pays-Bas
Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations
Joris Oldenziel
Keizersgracht 132
1015 CW Amsterdam/The Netherlands
T : 31-20-6391291
F : 31-20-6391321
J.Oldenziel@somo.nl
www.somo.nl

CCC- International Secretariat Pays-Bas
Ineke Zeldenrust and Nina Ascoly
Postbus 11584
1001 GN Amsterdam/The Netherlands
T : +31-20-4122785
F : + 31-20-4122786
ccc@xs4all.nl
www.cleanclothes.org

ETHICAL TRADING INITIATIVE UNITED KINGDOM
Dan Rees
2nd floor Cromwell House
14 Fulwood Place
London WC1V 6HZ UK
T : +44 (0) 20 7404 1463
F : +44 (0) 20 7831 7852
info@eti.org.uk
www.eti.org.uk

FAIR WEAR FOUNDATION Pays-Bas
Frans Papma, Director
Koningin Wilhelminaplein 13 / 1.08.08
Postbus 69265
1060 CH Amsterdam/The Netherlands
T : +31-20 4084255
F: +31-20 4084254
info@fairwear.nl
www.fairwear.nl

COLLECTIF DE L'ETHIQUE SUR L'ETIQUETTE France
Oliver Chabrol and Pascal Erard
C/o Federation Artisan du Monde
3 Rue Bouvier
75011 Paris/France
T : 0033 1 43723737
F : 0033 1 43723637
ethique@wanadoo.fr

PILOT PROJECT CLEAN CLOTHES CAMPAIGN, Switzerland
Director: Isabelle Scherer
c/o Pain pour le Prochain
9, Avenue du Grammont
1007 Lausanne/Suisse
T : +41-21-601 14 66
F : +41-21-617 51 75
pilot@cleanclothes.ch

Déclaration de Berne
French speaking office
C.P. 212, CH-1000
Lausanne 9, SWITZERLAND
T : +41-21-620 03 03.
F : +41-21-620 03 00.
decladeberne@club.ch
www.cleanclothes.ch

NEWS
Rue de la Charité, 43 Liefdadigheidstraat 43
1210 Brussels - BELGIUM
T : +32 2 217 36 17
info@worldshops.org
www.worldshops.org

GERMANY:
BANAFAIR E.V. Germany
Langgasse 41
D-63571 Gelnhausen
Geschäftsführer: Rudi Pfeifer(ViSdP)
T : +49-6051-8366-0
F : +49-6051-8366-77
info@banafair.de
www.banafair.de

LEAD-Europe e. V
Kaiser-Friedrichstrasse 13
D-53113 Bonn / Germany
T : +49 228 242 7212
F : +49 228 242 7217
office@leadeurope.org

OXFAM Germany
Greifswalder Str. 33a,
10405 Berlin/Germany
Présidente: Isabel Scholes
Directeur: Paul Bendix
T : 00 49 30 4285 0621
F : 00 49 30 4285 0622
info@oxfam.de
www.oxfam.de

RSK/ARGE DRITTE WELT LÄDEN
Uhlandstrasse 4
28211 Bremen/Germany
T : (+49) 421-3478172
F : (+49) 421-3478861

TRANSFAIR Germany
Remigiusstr. 21
50937 Köln/Germany
T : ++49 (0) 221- 94 20 40 0
F : ++49 (0) 221 - 94 20 40 40
info@transfair.org

AUSTRIA:
EZA DRITTE WELT Austria
EZA Entwicklungszusammenarbeit
mit der Dritten Welt GesmbH
Plainbachstraße 8
A-5101 Bergheim/Austria
T : +43 (0)662 452 178-0, Bestelltelefon:DW-10
F : +43 (0)662 452 586, Bestellfax: 0662 452 178-44
office@eza3welt.at
bestellung@eza3welt.at
www.eza3welt.at/

BELGIUM:
MAX HAVELAAR Belgium
Aalststraat 7/11 Rue d'Alost
B - 1000 Brussels
T : +32-2-213.36.20
F : +32-2-213.36.21
info@maxhavelaar.be
www.maxhavelaar.be

OXFAM SOLIDARITE - SOLIDARITEIT Belgium
Rue des Quatre Vents 60
1080 Brussels/Belgium
Président: Anton Reithinger
Directeur: Stefaan Declercq
T : 32 2 5016700
F : 32 2 5118919
oxfamsol@oxfamsol.be
www.oxfamsol.be

SPAIN:
INTERMÓN OXFAM Spain
Roger de Lluria 15
08010 Barcelona/Spain
Président: Josep Miralles
Directeur: lgnasi Carreras
T : ++ 34 93 482 0708/0
F : ++ 34 93 482 0707
info@intermon.org
www.intermonoxfam.org

FRANCE:
ANDINES SA France
6, rue Arnold Géraux
93450 L’Ile-Saint-Denis/France
T : +33 (0)1 48 20 48 60
F : +33 (0)1 40 20 50 93
andines@nnx.com
andines@neuronnexion.fr

FEDERATION ARTISANS DU MONDE France
53, boulevard de Strasbourg
75010 Paris/France
France
T : 01 56 03 93 50
F : 01 47 70 96 35
info@artisansdumonde.org
www.artisansdumonde.org

NOVETHIC France
Président : Jean-Pierre Sicard
14 boulevard Montmartre - 75009 PARIS / France
T : +33 (0)1 49 49 10 50
F : +33 (0)1 49 49 10 79
info@novethic.fr
www.novethic.fr

OBSERVATOIRE SUR LA RESPONSABILITE SOCIETALE DES ENTREPRISES
7 impasse Léger
75017 Paris
T : +33 1 56 79 35 00
F : +33 1 56 79 35 03
contact@orse.org
www.orse.org

PLATE FORME FRANCAISE POUR LE COMMERCE EQUITABLE (PFCE)
14, passage Dubail
75010 Paris / France
Tel/Fax : 01 40 05 95 06
plate-forme@commercequitable.org
www.commercequitable.org

SOLAGRAL (SOLIDARITE AGRICOLE ET ALIMENTAIRE) France
Yannick JADOT
45 bis avenue de la Belle Gabrielle
94736 Nogent sur Marne Cedex
T : 01 43 94 73 33
F : 01 43 94 73 36
solagral@solagral.asso.fr

3191 route de Mende
34033 Montpellier Cedex
T : 04 67 04 60 70
F : 04 67 54 25 27
cdp@hol.fr

SOLIDAR'MONDE France
86, Rue Berthie Albrecht
944000 Vitry sur Seine/France
T : 01 45 73 65 43
F : 01 45 73 65 42
info@solidarmonde.fr
www.solidarmonde.fr

Personne pour l'E-mail: Bernard de Boischvallier

UTOPIES-STRATEGIE ET CITOYENNETE D'ENTREPRISE France
53 rue de Turenne
75003 Paris/France
T : 01 40 29 43 00
F : 01 40 29 43 05
info@utopies.com
www.utopies.com

IRELAND:
OXFAM Ireland
Bureau de Dublin
9 Burgh Quay, Dublin 2, Ireland
Président: Tony McMullan
Directeur: Brian Scott
T : ++ 353 1 672 7662
F :++ 353 1 672 7680
oxireland@oxfam.ie
www.oxfamireland.org

Bureau de Belfast
52-54 Dublin Road, Belfast, BT2 7HN
T : ++ 44 289 023 0220
F : ++ 44 289 023 7771
oxfam@oxfamni.org.uk

ITALY:
COMMERCIO ALTERNATIVO Italy
VIA Darsena 176/a
44100 Ferrara/Italy
T : +39 532.774811
F:+39 532 528 45
segreteria@commercioalternativo.it
www.commercioalternativo.it
Destinataire pour l'e-mail: Patrizia Belleti

TRANSFAIR Italy
Passaggio De Gasperi 3
35131 Padova/Italy
T : +39 49 87 50 823
F :+39 49 87 50 910
info@transfair.it
www.equo.it
Destinataire pour l'e-mail: Paolo Pastore

THE NETHERLANDS:
FONDATION MAX HAVELAAR The Netherlands
Postbus 1252
NL-3500 BG UTRECHT/THE NETHERLANDS
Marjoline Motz
T: +31/30/2334602
F: +31/30/2332992
icreg@euronet.nl
www.maxhavelaar.nl

NOVIB OXFAM The Netherlands
Mauritskade 9
2514 HD, Den Haag/The Netherlands
Présidente: Hedy d’Ancona
Directrice: Sylvia Borren
T : ++ 31 70 342 1621
F : ++ 31 70 361 4461
info@novib.nl
www.novib.nl

SCOTLAND:
EQUAL EXCHANGE Scotland
Equal Exchange Trading Ltd
10a Queensferry Street
Edinburgh
EH2 4PG
Scotland UK
T: (00 44) 131 220 3484
F: (00 44) 131 220 3565
info@equalexchange.co.uk
www.equalexchange.co.uk

Equal Exchange Trading Ltd. is a cooperative that trades in beverages and organic foods in Great Britain.

OXFAM Scotland
207 Bath Street
Glasgow
G2 4HZ
Scotland UK
T : 0845 900 5678
F : 0845 900 2233
scotland@oxfam.org.uk

SWITZERLAND:
CARITAS SWITZERLAND
Löwenstrasse 3
Case postale
6002 Luzern/Switzerland
T :+41 41 419 22 22
F :+41 41 419 24 24

CARITAS Suisse Romande (French-speaking Switzerland)
53, rue de Carouge
Case postale 148
1211 Genève 4/Switzerland
T :+41 22 708 04 44
F :+41 22 708 04 45
info@caritas.ch
www.caritas.ch

INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR TRADE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (ICTSD)
C/O the International Environmental House
Chemin des Anémones, 13
1219 Châtelaine/Switzerland
www.ictsd.org

CLARO FAIR TRADE SA Switzerland
Byfangstrasse, 19
CH-2552 Orpund/Switzerland
T : +41 32 356 07 00
F : +41 32 356 07 01
info@claro.ch
www.claro.ch

FAIRTRAIDE VILLAGE Switzerland
32 rue de L'Athénée
1206 Genève - Switzerland
Tél/Fax: +41 22 321 00 69
traide@smile.ch
www.fairtraide.com

FONDATION STEP Switzerland
Malzgasse, 25
4052 Bâle/Switzerland
T : +41 61 271 77 66
F : +41 61 271 77 60
step@step-foundation.ch

GEBANA SA Switzerland
Zollstrasse 54
CH-8005 Zürich/Switzerland
T : +41 43 3 666 500
F : +41 43 3 666 505
info@gebana.com
www.gebana.com

MAX HAVELAAR Switzerland
Malzgasse 25
CH-4052 Basel/Switzerland
T: +41 61 271 75 00
F:+41 61 271 75 62
postmaster@maxhavelaar.ch
www.maxhavelaar.ch

MAX HAVELAAR Switzerland (French-speaking Switzerland)
Le Moulin
1309 Cuarnens/Switzerland
T: +41 21-864 41 46
F: +41 21-864 41 49
max.havelaar@gve.ch

UNITED KINGDOM:
BANANA LINK UK
38-40 Exchange St. Norwich
NR2 1AX England
blink@gn.apc.org
www.bananalink.org.uk

CAFEDIRECT UK
City Cloisters, Suite B2
196 Old Street, London, EC1V 9FR
T :+44 (0)207 490 9520
info@cafedirect.co.uk
www.cafedirect.co.uk

A non-profit that buys coffee directly from cooperatives in Latin America and Africa.

CORPORATE WATCH UK
16b Cherwell St.
Oxford OX4 1BG UK
T :+44 (0)1865 791 391
mail@corporatewatch.org
www.corporatewatch.org

FAIRTRADE FOUNDATION UK
Room 204, 16 Baldwin's Gardens, London EC1N 7RJ
T : +44 (0)20 7405 5942
F : +44 (0)20 7405 5943
mail@fairtrade.org.uk
www.fairtrade.org.uk

INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL AND ETHICAL ACCOUNTABILITY UK
Unit A, 137 Shepherdess Walk, London,
N1 7RQ, UNITED KINGDOM
T : +44 (0) 20 7549 0400
F : +44 (0)207 253 7440
secretariat@accountability.org.uk
www.accountability.org.uk

OXFAM Grande-Bretagne
Oxfam Supporter Services
Oxfam House
274 Banbury Road
OX2 7DZ Oxford/UK
President: Rosemary Thorp
Director: Barbara Stocking
T : ++ 44 1865 311 311
F : ++ 44 1865 312 600
oxfam@oxfam.org.uk
www.oxfam.org.uk

OXFAM Cymru UK
Fifth Floor
Market Buildings
5/7 St Mary Street
Cardiff CF10 1AT
Wales UK
T : 0870 010 9007
F : 02920 803290
oxfam@oxfamcymru.org.uk

TRAIDCRAFT EXCHANGE/Traidcraft plc UK
Kingsway
Gateshead
Tyne & Wear
NE11 0NE
UNITED KINGDOM
T : + 44 191 491 0591
F : + 44 191 497 6562
comms@Traidcraft.co.uk
www.traidcraft.co.uk

Traidcraft Exchange is an organization that trades in handicrafts and food products.

IN ASIA:
ASIAN MONITOR RESOURCE CENTER
8B, 444 Nathan Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong
T : (852) 2332-1346
F : (852) 2385-5319
admin@amrc.org.hk
www.amrc.org.hk

COORDINATION COMMITTEE ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT Thailand
E-mail: Prof. Saneh Jamarik, Chairman
22/11 (2nd Floor) Kaset Villa Tower
Soi Thanphuying Paholyothin,
Ngamwongwan Road, Bang Khen
Bangkok 10900
Thailand
T: (66-2) 579-2480, 579-9301, 579-6301

KHTSA Tibet (retail)
www.khatsa.com

MARKETPLACE India (retail)
www.marketplaceindia.com

MAROMA India (retail)
Auroville 605 101 Tamil Nadu
maroma@maroma.com
maroma@auroville.org.in
www.maroma.com

OXFAM Hong Kong
17/F., China United Centre,
28 Marble Road, North Point,
Hong Kong
President: Japhet Law
Director: Chong Chan-yau
T : ++ 852 2520 2525
F : ++ 852 2527 6307
info@oxfam.org.hk
www.oxfam.org.hk

OXFAM New Zealand
Level 1, 62 AitkenTerrace,
Kingsland, Auckland, New Zealand
President: Patricia Sarr
Director : Barry Coates
T : ++ 64 9 355 6500
F : ++ 64 9 355 6505
oxfam@oxfam.org.nz
www.oxfam.org.nz

OXFAM COMMUNITY AID ABROAD Australia
156 George Street, (Corner of Webb Street),
Fitzroy, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 3065
Présidente: Jo-Anne Everingham
Directeur: Andrew Hewett
T : ++ 61 3 9289 9444
F : ++ 61 3 9419 5318
enquire@caa.org.au
www.caa.org.au

PHILIPPINES BUSINESS FOR SOCIAL PROGRESS
Center for Corporate Citizenship
Philippine Business for Social Progress
G/F PSDC Building, Magallanes corner Real Streets
Intramuros, Manila, Philippines
T : 527-7741to 50 (local 101); 527-3748
F : 527-3747
ccrc@pbsp.org.ph
www.pbsp.org.ph

IN LATIN AMERICA:
ALIANZA CHILENA POR UN COMERCIO JUSTO Y RESPONSABLE
Irarrazaval 3260
Oficina, 1
Nunoa
Santiago de Chile/Chile
T : 56 2 341 51 10
F : 56 2 341 65 97
www.comerciojusto.cl

CASA BONAMPAK (retail)
www.casabonampak.com

CENTRAL INTERREGIONAL DE ARTESANOS DEL PERÚ
T : +51-1-5679862
F : +51-1-5677882
ciap@amauta.rcp.net.pe
www.ciap.org

CENTRO LATINOAMERICANO DE ECOLOGÍA SOCIAL Uruguay
CLAES - Canelones 1164, Montevideo
Casilla de Correo 13125, Montevideo 11700, Uruguay.
T : (598) 2 9022362 y 63.
F : (598) 2 200 1908.
info@ambiental.net
www.ambiental.net/claes

CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS DEL SECTOR PRIVADO PARA EL DESARROLLO SUSTENABLE Mexico
Lancaster No. 15, Piso 4;
Colonia Juárez; Delegación Cuauhtémoc;
C.P. 06600 México, D.F./Mexico
T : 5229 1130 y 5229 1140
F : 5229 1133
cespedes@cce.org.mx
www.cce.org.mx/cespedes

CENTRO MEXICANO PARA LA FILANTROPIA
www.cemefi.org

UCRAPROBEX
Boulevard Merliot, Edificio Ucraprobex
Ciudad Merliot, SAN SALVADOR, EL SALVADOR
T: (503) 278-0064
F:+503 278 13 11
ucraprobex@es.com.sv
http://www.salvadorancoffees.com/index.php?option=com_mtree&task=viewlink&link_id=673&Itemid=

IN NORTH AMERICA:
CALIFORNIA GLOBAL CORPORATE ACCOUNTABILITY PROJECT
http://www.nautilus.org

FAIR LABOR ASSOCIATION
1505 22nd Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
USA
www.fairlabor.org

OXFAM Canada
880 Wellington Street, Suite
400, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1R 6K7.
President: Cassie Doyle

Director: Rieky Stuart
T : ++ 1 613 237 5236
F : ++ 1 613 237 0524
enquire@oxfam.ca
www.oxfam.ca

OXFAM Québec
2330 rue Notre-Dame Ouest
Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3J 2Y2
President: Nicole St-Martin
Director: Pierre Veronneau
T : ++ 1 514 937 1614
F : ++ 1 514 937 9452
info@oxfam.qc.ca
www.oxfam.qc.ca

OXFAM USA
26 West Street,
Boston MA 02111 1206, USA
Présidente : Barbara Fiorito
Directeur : Raymond Offenheiser
T :+ 1 617 482 1211
F ++ 1 617 728 2594
info@oxfamamerica.org
www.oxfamamerica.org

TEN THOUSAND VILLAGES
704 Main Street
PO BOX 500
Akron, PA
USA
17501-0500
T:(717) 859-8100
F : (717) 859-2622
inquiry@villages-mcc.org
www.tenthousandvillages.com

INTERNATIONAL:
AGORA 21
www.agora21.org

BUSINESS AND HUMAN RIGHTS: A RESOURCE WEBSITE
www.business-humanrights.org

BUSINESS FOR SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
Headquarters
111 Sutter Street, 12th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94104 USA
Tel: 1.415.984.3200
Fax: 1.415.984.3201

Asia
Business for Social Responsibility
4/F Lifung Tower
888 Cheung Sha Wan Road,
Kowloon, Hong Kong
T : +852.2300.4117
F : +852.2300.4116
bsrasia@bsr.org

Europe
10, rue de la Paix
75002 Paris/France
T : +33.(0)1.44.49.02.50
www.bsr.org

CAFE CAMPESINO
302 West Lamar Street
Suite C
Americus, GA 31709
USA
Phone - 888.532.4728, 229.924.2468
Fax - 229.924.6250
info@cafecampesino.com
feedback@cafecampesino.com
www.cafecampesino.com

INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR TRADE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (ICTSD)
C/O the International Environmental House
Chemin des Anémones, 13
1219 Châtelaine - Switzerland
www.ictsd.org

COALITION FOR ENVIRONMENTALLY RESPONSIBLE ECONOMIES
99 Chauncy Street, 6th Floor
Boston, MA 02111 USA
T : 617-247-0700
F : 67-5400
www.ceres.org

CONSUMERS INTERNATIONAL
Head Office
Julian Edwards, Director General
24, Highbury Cresent
London
N5 1RX UK
T : +44 207 226 6663
F : +44 207 354 0607
consint@consint.org
www.consumersinternational.org

Africa Office
Amadou C. Kanoute, Regional Director
31 A Lincoln Road, Belgravia,
Private Bag A6215 Avondale,
Harare/Zimbabwe
T : +263 4 302 283 / 307 259
F : +263 4 303 092
roaf@harare.iafrica.com

America Latina
Director Regional:José Vargas Niello
Las Hortensias 2371
Providencia
Santiago, CHILE
T : (56-2) 335 16 95
F : (56-2) 231 07 73
consint@consint.cl

Asia Pacific Office
Regional Director : Dr.S.Sothi Rachagan
Lot 5-1 Wisma WIM
No.7 Jalan Abang Haji Openg
Taman Tun Dr Ismail
Kuala Lumpur, 60000 Malaysia
T :+603 7726 1599
F :+603 7726 8599
consint@ciroap.org

ETHICAL TRADE INITIATIVE
Ethical Trading Initiative
2nd floor
Cromwell House
14 Fulwood Place
London WC1V 6HZ UK
T : +44 (0) 20 7404 1463
F : +44 (0) 20 7831 7852
eti@eti.org.uk
www.ethicaltrade.org

EQUAL EXCHANGE
251 Revere Street,
Canton, MA 02021 USA
T : 781-830-0303
F : 781-830-0282
info@equalexchange.com
www.equalexchange.com

FLO-INTERNATIONAL
Kaiser-Friedrich-Strasse 13
53113 BONN, GERMANY
T : +49 228 94 92 30
F :+49 228 242 17 13
info@fairtrade.net
www.fairtrade.net

FLO-Cert
Goerrestrasse, 30
D-53113 Bonn/Germany
T : + 49 228 24930
F : +49 228 2493120
info@fairtrade.net
www.fairtrade.net

FORESTS OF THE WORLD
Forests of the World, LLC
607 Ellis Road, Bldg. 53-A1
Durham, NC 27703
USA
T : (919) 957-1500 / (919) 957-1505
F : (919) 957-1502
info@forestsoftheworld.com
www.forestsoftheworld.com

GECKO TRADERS (retail)
2499 N. Harrison St. LL-5B
Arlington, VA 22207
USA
T : 703.533.3939
F : 703.533.8840
www.geckotraders.com

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT INITIATIVE
One Thomas Circle, NW, Tenth Floor
Washington, DC 20005
USA
T : 202-296-7449
F : 202-296-7442
info@gemi.org
www.gemi.org

INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE MOVEMENTS
Head Office
Charles-de-Gaulle-Str. 5
53113 Bonn - Germany
T : +49 (0) 228 926 50-10
F : +49 (0) 228 926 50-99
headoffice@ifoam.org
www.ifoam.org

INTERNATIONAL TRAINING AND RESEARCH CENTRE (INTRAC)
PO Box 563
Oxford, OX2 6RZ
UNITED KINGDOM
T: 44 1865 201 851
F: 44 1865 201 852
intrac@gn.apc.org
www.intrac.org

INTERNATIONAL CONFEDERATION OF FREE TRADE UNIONS
http://www.ituc-csi.org/?lang=en

INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF ALTERNATIVE TRADE (IFAT)
Murdock Road, 30
Bicester
OX26 4RF/UNITED KINGDOM
T : +44 1869 24 98 19
F : +41 1869 24 63 81
info@ifat.org.uk

INTERNATIONAL FORUM ON GLOBALISATION
1009 General Kennedy Avenue 2,
San Francisco, CA 94129, USA
T : 415.561.7650
F : 415.561.7651
ifg@ifg.org
www.ifg.org

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT
Head Office
3 Endsleigh Street
London
WC1H 0DD, UK
T: +44 (0) 20 7388-2117
F : +44 (0)20 7388-2826
info@iied.org
www.iied.org

Drylands Programme
4 Hanover Street
Edinburgh, Scotland
EH2 2EN, UK
T : +44 131 226 7040
F : +44 131 624 7050
drylands@iied.org
or:
BP 5579
Dakar,Senegal
T: +221 867-10-58
F: + 221 221 867-10-59
iiedsen@sentoo.sn

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Head Office
161 Portage Avenue East, 6th Floor
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
R3B 0Y4
T : 1 (204) 958-7700
F : 1 (204) 958-7710
info@iisd.ca
www.iisd.org

Ottawa office
250 Albert St., Suite 1360
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
K1P 6M1
T : 1 (613) 238-2296
F : 1 (613) 238-8515

IISD Reporting Services
212 East 47th Street, #21F
New York, NY, 10017 USA
T : 1 (212) 644-0204
F : 1 (212) 644-0206
enb@iisd.org

Geneva office
C-402, International Environment House
13, chemin des Anémones
1219 Châtelaine, Geneva, Switzerland
T : +41 22 979-9373
F : +41 22 979-9054
fturner@iisd.ca or cmartinet@iisd.ca

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION
International Labour Office
4, route des Morillons
CH-1211 Geneva 22 Switzerland
T : +41.22.799.6111
F : +41.22.798.8685
ilo@ilo.org
www.ilo.org

INTERNATIONAL NGO TRAINING AND RESEARCH CENTER
P.O. Box 563
Oxford OX2 6RZ
UNITED KINGDOM
T : +44(0)1865 201851
F : +44(0)1865 201852
info@intrac.org
www.intrac.org
ISO 14000
www.iso14000.com

NOVICA (retail)
11835 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 750E
Los Angeles, CA 90064
T : 1-310-479-6685
F : (310) 479-7246
service@novica.com
www.novica.com

ONE WORLD HANDCRAFTS (retail)
226 East Main Street
North Manchester, Indiana/USA
www.oneworldhandcrafts.org

OXFAM INTERNATIONAL
Secrétariat OXFAM International
Suite 20
266 Banbury Road
Oxford, OX2 7DL, UK
President: Ian Anderson
Executive director: Jeremy Hobbs
T : ++ 44 1865 31 39 39 / 36 39
F : ++ 44 1865 31 37 70
information@oxfaminternational.org
www.oxfam.org

EQUIPES DE PLAIDOYER OXFAM INTERNATIONAL (ADVOCACY TEAM)
OXFAM International Advocacy, Washington
1112 16th St., NW, Suite 600,
Washington DC 20036, USA
Director : Bernice Romero
T : ++ 1 202 496 1170
F : ++ 1 202 496 0128
advocacy@oxfaminternational.org

OXFAM International Advocacy, New York
355 Lexington Avenue, 3rd Floor,
New York, NY 10017, USA
Director : Nicola Reindorp
T : ++ 1 212 687 2091
F : ++ 1 212 687 2092
advocacy@oxfaminternational.org

OXFAM International Advocacy, Brussels
22, rue du Commerce
1000 Brussels
Belgium
Director : Jo Leadbeater
Assistant : Sonia Vila-Hopkins
T : + 32 2 502 03 91
F : + 32 2 502 05 56
advocacy@oxfaminternational.org

OXFAM International Advocacy, Geneva
15 Rue des Savoises, 1205 Geneva, SWITZERLAND
Director : Celine Charveriat
T : ++ 41 22 321 2371
F : ++ 41 22 321 2753
advocacy@oxfaminternational.org

OXFAM International, Liaison office in Japan
Maruko bldg. 2F, 1-20-6, Higashi-Ueno, Taito-ku,
Tokyo 110-0015, Japan
Representative : Kiyoko Karatsu
T/F: ++81 3 3834 1556
oxfam@nyc.odn.ne.jp

PEACE CRAFT (retail)
www.peacecraft.org

PEOPLink
11112 Midvale Rd,
Kensington, MD 20895, USA
T : 301 949 6625
peoplink@peoplink.org
www.peoplink.org

PERSONAS EN ACCIÓN POR UN MUNDO MEJOR
www.personasenaccion.com

PUBLIC CITIZEN’S GLOBAL TRADE WATCH
www.citizen.org/trade

SERRV INERNATIONAL
Administrative Offices
122 State St, Ste 600
Madison, WI 53703
USA
T : 608-255-0440 / 888-761-8338
F : 608-255-0451
admin@serrv.org
www.serrv.org

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL
Secretariat
Office Directory
Transparency International (TI)
Otto-Suhr-Allee 97-99 –
10585 Berlin, GERMANY
T : +49-30-343 8200
F : +49-30-3470 3912
ti@transparency.org
www.transparency.org

TRANSFAIR INTERNATIONAL
Verein zur Förderung des Fairen Handels
mit der "Dritten Welt" e.V.
Remigiusstr. 21
50937 Köln, GERMANY
T : ++49 (0) 221- 94 20 40 0
F : ++49 (0) 221 - 94 20 40 40
info@transfair.org
www.transfair.org

UNITED NATIONS GLOBAL COMPACT
www.unglobalcompact.org

UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME (UNEP)- INDUSTRY OUTREACH
www.uneptie.org/outreach

UNITED NATIONS ORGANISATION ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT
www.unctad.org

UN DEPARTEMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS
DIVISION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
www.un.org/esa/sustdev

WORLD BUSINESS COUNCIL ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
4, chemin de Conches
1231 Conches-Geneva Switzerland
T : +41 (22) 839 3100
F : +41 (22) 839 3131
info@wbcsd.org
http://www.wbcsd.org

WORKER RIGHTS CONSORTIUM
5 Thomas Circle NW, Fifth Floor
Washington, DC 20005
USA
T: (202) 387-4884
F: (202) 387-3292
www.workersrights.org

VI. Bibliography and subject literature

Literature in English:

- BARRATT BROWN, Michael; Fair Trade: Reform and Realities in the international trading System, London, New Jersey, Zed Books, 1993.

- BOVARD, James; The fair trade fraude, New York: St.Martin's Press, 1991. GRIESGRABER, Jo Marie; G. GUNTER, Bernhard; World Trade: toward fair and free trade in the 21th century, London Pluto Press, Washington DC: Center of Concern, 1997.

- HILOWITZ, Janet; Labelling child labour products: a preliminary study, Geneva ILO, 1997.

- SRINIVASAN, Thirukodikaval Nilakanta; Development economics, then and now, New Haven: Yale University Economic Growth Center, 1994.

- EFTA; Survey of Fair Trade in Europe, mai 1995.

(A report based on the study "Fair Trade in Europe-facts & figures on the fair trade sector in 14 european countries")

- UN Non Gouvernmental Liason Service, Voluntary approaches to Corporate Responsibility, Geneva, Switzerland, 2002.

- UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT; Fair equitable treatment, New York, Geneva: United Nations, 1999.

Literature in French:

- ALLIANCE POUR UN MONDE RESPONSABLE, PLURIEL ET SOLIDAIRE ; Commerce équitable : propositions pour des échanges solidaires au service du développement durable, Cahier de propositions No. 9, coordonné et rédigé par Pierre Johnson, Ed. C. L. Mayer, 2003.

- ALBERT, Odile et al. ; Pour un Commerce équitable: expériences et propositions pour un renouvellement des pratiques commerciales entre les pays du Nord et ceux du Sud, Paris: C.L. Mayer, 1998.

- AUROI, Claude, «Les chances du Commerce équitable pour les petits et moyens producteurs du Sud», in : RASTOIN, J.L (Ed.), Colloque sur la mondialisation et les géostratégies agroalimentaires, Montpellier, 1998.

- AUROI, Claude ; SCHUMPERLI YOUNOSSIAN, Catherine (dirs); Le commerce durable : vers de plus justes pratiques commerciales entre le Nord et le Sud, Genève : IUED, 2001.

- EFTA ; Commerce équitable-Mémento 1995, Oct. 1995.

(Objectif:montrer les déviances du commerce entre le Nord et le Sud, et décrire comment le Commerce équitable contribue à l'amélioration des relations commerciales entre le Nord et le Sud).

- FONDATION MAX HAVELAAR SUISSE; Rapports annuels, 1999, 2000, 2002.

- COLLECTIF «ENGAGEMENTS CITOYENS DANS L’ECONOMIE» ; Les citoyens peuvent-ils changer l’économie ?, Paris, Ed. C. L. Mayer, 2003.

- DOUWES DEKKER, d'Edouard ; Max Havelaar, ou les ventes de café de la compagnie commerciale des Pays-Bas, Ed. Actes Sud, Collection de poche Babel.

- EGGER, Michel; GEIGER, Steven ; Transport par avion et Commerce équitable: le cas de TerrEspoir, Lausanne, Pain pour le Prochain, 1998.

- GRETHER, Jean-Marie; DE MELO, Jaime ; Commerce, environnement et relation Nord-Sud: les enjeux et quelques tendances récentes, Genève: Université de Genève, Département d'économie politique.

- JOHNSON, Pierre ; Le Commerce équitable face aux défis du marché global: le cas du café, In. «Economie et Humanisme», no. 344, avril 1998, p.62-65.

- «L’alter économie : quelle autre mondialisation ?», in : «revue MAUSS», No. 21, Paris : La découverte, 2003.

- RITMO (Réseau d’information tiers monde), SOLAGRAL; Pour un Commerce équitable : expériences et propositions pour un renouvellement des pratiques commerciales entre les pays du Nord et ceux du Sud, Paris, Ed. Charles Léopold Mayer, 1998.

- ROOZEN, Nico ; VAN DER HOFF, Frans ; L’aventure du Commerce équitable: une alternative à la mondialisation par les fondateurs de Max Havelaar, Ed. Jean- Claude Lattès, 2002.

- ROUILLE D’ORFEUIL, Henri ; Economie, le réveil des citoyens : les alternatives à la mondialisation libérale, Paris : La Découverte, 2002.

- SCHUEMPERLI YOUNOSSIAN, Catherine ; «Le Commerce équitable à la croisée des chemins», In: «Pratiques de la dissidence économique», Les nouveaux Cahiers de l’IUED, No. 7, Ed. PUF, Genève/Paris, 1998.

- SCHUEMPERLI YOUNOSSIAN, Catherine ; Commerce equitable, codes de conduite, labels, IUED, Genève, 1998.

- ZINDER, Rémy ; Qu'en est -il de l'intérêt des consommateurs pour le Commerce équitable? Genève, Université de Genève Département de Géographie, 1999.

- Du Commerce équitable à la consommation responsable (étude commandée par l'EFTA et réalisé par Laure de Cenival au nom de Solagral. (1998) http://www.reunion-equitable.asso.re/solagral.pdf

Literature in Italian:

- PERNA, Torino ; Fair Trade: la sfida etica al mercato mondiale, Torino: Bollati Boringheri, cop. 1998.

Literature in Spanish:

- VILA CASES, Maria ; Café amargo: por un comercio Norte-Sur mas justo, Barcelona: Icaria, 1997.

1 Article 23, alinéa 3 de la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme, adoptée par les Nations Unies en 1948.

2 Pierre William Johnson «Commerce équitable et mondialisation», dans «L’alter économie : quelle autre mondialisation ?», in : «revue MAUSS», No. 21, Paris : La découverte, 2003. p. 73.

3 ROUILLE D’ORFEUIL, Henri ; Economie, le réveil des citoyens : les alternatives à la mondialisation libérale, Paris : La Découverte, 2002, p.67.

4 Ce tableau est inspiré par le travail de Bernadette Oriet «Diversité des approches, diversité des pratiques», paru dans «Le commerce durable», IUED, Genève, 2001.

5 ALLIANCE POUR UN MONDE RESPONSABLE, PLURIEL ET SOLIDAIRE ; Commerce équitable : propositions pour des échanges solidaires au service du développement durable, Cahier de propositions No. 9, coordonné et rédigé par Pierre Johnson, Ed. C. L. Mayer, 2003.